• WOOCS 1.2.7.1

Mimicking cancer's evasive tactics, microparticles show promise for transplant rejection

  • March 26, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

Inspired by a tactic cancer cells use to evade the immune system, researchers have engineered tiny particles that can trick the body into accepting transplanted tissue as its own. Rats that were treated with these cell-sized microparticles developed permanent immune tolerance to grafts — including a whole limb — from a donor rat, while keeping … Continue reading Mimicking cancer's evasive tactics, microparticles show promise for transplant rejection

New mathematical model can more effectively track epidemics

  • March 26, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

As COVID-19 spreads worldwide, leaders are relying on mathematical models to make public health and economic decisions. A new model improves tracking of epidemics by accounting for mutations in diseases. Now, the researchers are working to apply their model to allow leaders to evaluate the effects of countermeasures to epidemics before they deploy themRead More

Worldwide scientific collaboration unveils genetic architecture of gray matter

  • March 26, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

For the first time, more 360 scientists from 184 different institutions have contributed to a global effort to find more than 200 regions of the genome and more than 300 specific genetic variations that affect the structure of the cerebral cortex and likely play important roles in psychiatric and neurological conditionsRead More

As the ocean warms, marine species relocate toward the poles

  • March 26, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

Since pre-industrial times, the world’s oceans have warmed by an average of one degree Celsius (1°C). Now researchers report that those rising temperatures have led to widespread changes in the population sizes of marine species. The researchers found a general pattern of species having increasing numbers on their poleward sides and losses toward the equatorRead … Continue reading As the ocean warms, marine species relocate toward the poles

Singapore modelling study estimates impact of physical distancing on reducing spread of COVID-19

  • March 24, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

A new modelling study conducted in a simulated Singapore setting has estimated that a combined approach of physical distancing interventions, comprising quarantine (for infected individuals and their families), school closure, and workplace distancing, is most effective at reducing the number of SARS-CoV-2 cases compared with other intervention scenarios included in the studyRead More

The right dose of geoengineering could reduce climate change risks

  • March 23, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

Injecting the right dose of sulphur dioxide into Earth’s upper atmosphere to thicken the layer of light reflecting aerosol particles artificially could reduce the effects of climate change overall, exacerbating change in only a small fraction of places, according to new researchRead More

East Antarctica's Denman Glacier has retreated almost 3 miles over last 22 years

  • March 23, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

East Antarctica’s Denman Glacier has retreated 5 kilometers, nearly 3 miles, in the past 22 years, and researchers are concerned that the shape of the ground surface beneath the ice sheet could make it even more susceptible to climate-driven collapseRead More

Device brings silicon computing power to brain research and prosthetics

  • March 23, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

A new device enables researchers to observe hundreds of neurons in the brain in real-time. The system is based on modified silicon chips from cameras, but rather than taking a picture, it takes a movie of the neural electrical activityRead More

Ancestor of all animals identified in Australian fossils

  • March 23, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

Geologists have discovered the first ancestor on the family tree that contains most animals today, including humans. The wormlike creature, Ikaria wariootia, is the earliest bilaterian, or organism with a front and back, two symmetrical sides, and openings at either end connected by a gut. It was found in Ediacaran Period deposits in Australia and … Continue reading Ancestor of all animals identified in Australian fossils

New genetic editing powers discovered in squid

  • March 23, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

Revealing yet another super-power in the skillful squid, scientists have discovered that squid massively edit their own genetic instructions not only within the nucleus of their neurons, but also within the axon — the long, slender neural projections that transmit electrical impulses to other neurons. This is the first time that edits to genetic information … Continue reading New genetic editing powers discovered in squid

The strange orbits of 'Tatooine' planetary disks

  • March 21, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have found striking orbital geometries in protoplanetary disks around binary stars. While disks orbiting the most compact binary star systems share very nearly the same plane, disks encircling wide binaries have orbital planes that are severely tilted. These systems can teach us about planet formation in complex … Continue reading The strange orbits of 'Tatooine' planetary disks

Microbial DNA in patient blood may be tell-tale sign of cancer

  • March 19, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

From a simple blood draw, microbial DNA may reveal who has cancer and which type, even at early stagesRead More

Sea otters, opossums and the surprising ways pathogens move from land to sea

  • March 19, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

A parasite known only to be hosted in North America by the Virginia opossum is infecting sea otters along the West Coast. A new study elucidates the sometimes surprising and complex pathways infectious pathogens can move from land to sea to sea otterRead More

Fine-tuning radiocarbon dating could 'rewrite' ancient events

  • March 19, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

A new paper points out the need for an important new refinement to radiocarbon dating. The research has relevance for understanding key dates in Mediterranean history and prehistory, including the tomb of Tutankhamen and a controversial but important volcanic eruption on the Greek island of SantoriniRead More

Early evolution of the brain's cortex revealed in new study

  • March 18, 2020
  • The Ednology Team

Research on the lamprey brain has enabled scientists to push the birth of the cortex back in time by some 300 million years to over 500 million years ago, providing new insights into brain evolutionRead More

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